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Contents


• BASIC PHARMACOLOGY and MEDICINE ADMINISTRATION

Contents
For two months residents will attend theoretical lessons on the large groups of drugs used in ophthalmology, means of administration, frequency, indications and contraindications, side effects and contralaterals, patient discomfort, etc. Trademark names will be shared,differences between products from different labs and different uses. Administration techniques will be shown in practice.

Objectives
After two months, residents are expected to…
• Know how to administer eye drops
• Know how to apply subconjunctival injections
• Know how to perform occlusion
• Know the technique and volume of an intravitreal injection
• Know the indications in case of conjunctivitis
• Know the duration of the effect of miotics and mydriatics
• Know the indications in chronic glaucoma and severe glaucoma
• Know the indications in case of infections: cornea, endophthalmitis, orbital cellulitis
• Know how to make fortified antibiotics preparations
• Know corticoids that have high and low incidence in intraocular pressure elevation

• EMERGENCIES – OCULAR TRAUMATOLOGY

Contents
• Burns
• Blunt trauma
• Penetrating trauma
• Perforating trauma
• Intraocular foreign bodies
• Orbital trauma
• Post-traumatic consequences
• Miscellaneous

Objetives
• Physiopathology, clinical examination, additional tests
• Immediate treatment
• Surgical treatment
• Long term physical damages treatment

• CONJUNCTIVA AND EXTERNAL EYE

Contents
• Inflammation and infections
• Eye microbiology and diagnostic methods
• Tumors
• Degenerations

Objetives
• Eye microbiology and diagnostic methods
• Oncological concepts in external eye neoplasm

• LACRIMA DUCTS

Contents
• Anatomical and functional basis
• Most common physiopathology of the secretory and excretory systems
• Evaluation methods and their treatment

Objevtives
• Knowledge on the different diagnostic methods in the doctor’s office
• To evaluate tearing and/or a dry eye
• Dacryocystography interpretation and knowledge on surgical methods to treat high and low obstructions
• MidleryWeil, Dacriology

• GLAUCOMA

Contents
• Clinical evaluation and family history
• Gonioscopy
• Supplementary tests
• Types of glaucoma
• Glaucoma treatment
• Glaucoma surgery

Objectives
• Epidemiology and clinical diagnosis
• Physiopathology of the different types of glaucoma
• Medical therapy concepts
• Surgical indications, techniques and after surgery care

• CRYSTALLINE LENS

Contents
• Physiopathology of cataract
• Types of cataract
• Genetics
• Biometry and crystalens
• Crystalline lens surgery
• Subluxation and luxation
• Crystalline lens in other eye diseases

Objectives
• Epidemiology and classification of cataract
• Surgical and technical indications
• After cataract surgery care
• Treatment of diseases related to the crystalline lens

• STRABISMUS

Contents
• Anatomy and physiology of the extraocular muscles
• Classification
• Clinical examination and supplementary tests
• Extraocular muscles surgery
• Nystagmus
• Amblyopia

Objectives
• Evaluation and diagnosis
• Clinical treatment
• Surgical techniques
• After surgery care

• CORNEA

Contents
• Biomicroscopy and endothelial cells count
• Topography and pachimetry
• Congenital clouding of the cornea
• Corneal infection and inflammation
• Degeneration and dystrophy
• Pseudophakic keratopathy
• Keratoplasty and corneal biopsy
• Corneal graft rejection
• Corneal trauma

Objectives
• Infections, microbiological diagnosis and treatment
• Keratoplasty indications, after surgery care
• Corneal biopsy indications
• Corneal topography interpretation
• Keratoplasty techniques

• RETINA

Contents
• Ophthalmoscopy
• Supplementary tests
• Vascular retinal disease
• Macular disorders
• Retinal detachment
• Retinal degenerations and dystrophy
• Diseases and vitreous involvement
• Retinal photocoagulation
• Vitreoretinal surgery

Objectives
• Normal and pathologic diagnosis of retina and vitreous
• Diagnosis and clinical treatment of vitreoretinal diseases
• Surgical indications and techniques. After surgery care
• Genetics of vitreoretinal diseases


• UVEITIS and INTRAOCULAR INFLAMMATION

Contents
• Ocular immunology
• Modulación terapéutica de la respuesta inmune
• Intraocular samples microbiology
• Anterior uveitis
• Intermediate uveitis
• Posterior uveitis
• Endophthalmitis
• Ocular inflammation effects

Objectives
• Clinical diagnosis and sample collection
• Updated bacteriological tests
• Histocompatibility antigens and ocular diseases
• Clinical treatment of ocular infections
• Corticoids and immunosuppressive drugs
• Clinical and surgical treatment of endophthalmitis
• Surgical treatment of uveitis complications

• INTRAOCULAR TUMORS

Contents
• Epidemiology of intraocular tumors in children and adults
• Genetics of retinoblastoma
• Ultrasonography and diagnostic imaging tests in ocular oncology
• Clinics and diagnosis of intraocular tumors in children and adults
• Radiotherapy
• Chemotherapy
• Estadificación de tumores intraoculares, Pronóstico

Objectives
• Differential diagnoses and therapeutic indications
• Interpretation of supplementary tests
• Surgical and nonsurgical treatments
• Medical tests on patients with eye cancer
• Follow-up of patients with intraocular tumors
• Surgery of treatment complications

• ORBIT

Contents
• Diagnosis and imaging tests
• Thyrotropic exophthalmos
• Orbital traumas, orbital fractures
• Inflammatory orbital disease
• Orbital tumors
• Orbital lesions
• Orbital surgery

Objectives
• Diagnosis, cancer staging and treatment of thyrotropic exophthalmos
• Therapeutic indications for orbital fractures
• Treatment of the inflammatory pseudotumor
• Differential diagnosis of orbital tumors

• NEURO-OPHTHALMOLOGY

Contents
• Neuro-anatomy and optic tracts
• Neuro-ophthalmic examination
• Imaging techniques
• Paralysis
• Pathology of pupils
• Optic nerve disorders

Objectives
• Diagnosis of a patient with a neuro-ophthalmic conditions
• Interpretation of supplementary imaging tests
• Differential diagnosis of paralysis
• Diagnosis and interpretation of pupillary disorders
• Differential diagnosis and treatment of optic nerve disorders

• SURGERY I

Contents
• Conocimiento del instrumental básico quirúrgico de la cirugía menor Oftalmológica
• Conceptos de esterilización
• Práctica experimental y manejo de microscopía
• Bases anatómicas

Objectives
• Resident’s performance at the OR
• Use of different sterilization methods
• Training to handle the microscope and different types of stitches and/or basic surgical techniques
• Laser in Ophthalmology I, Principles of Physics and equipment

• SURGERY II

Contents
• Chalazion, pterygium, lacrimal ducts, eyelid lesions and conjunctiva
• Conjunctival coating
• External eye emergency surgery
• Strabismus
• Non-oncologic enucleation and evisceration

Objectives
• Instruments and boxes for different procedures
• Indications, presurgical, follow-up and complications, prevention and treatment
• Techniques and surgical skill

• SURGERY III

Contents
• Glaucoma surgery
• Cataract surgery
• Corneal surgery
• Laser in Ophthalmology II
• Application and indication techniques
• Argon
• YAG
• Excimer

Objectives
• Instruments and boxes for different procedures
• Indications, presurgical, follow-up and complications, prevention and treatment
• Techniques and surgical skill

• SURGERY IV

Contents
• Retinal surgery, vitrectomy
• Ocular enucleation
• Emergency surgery leaving out the external eye

Objetcives
• Instruments and boxes for different procedures
• Indications, presurgical, follow-up and complications, prevention and treatment
• Techniques and surgical skill

• EXPERIMENTAL SURGERY

Content
• Pig’s eye
• Conejos in vivo
• Bank’s eyes

Objectives
• Comparative anatomy
• Stitches, incisions
• Preparation of materials
• Anesthesia
• Ocular surgery



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